Karen Canova is a longtime volunteer at SAAM’s Luce Foundation Center.
Chiwonetsero chatsopano Mitima ya Anthu Athu: Native Women Artists celebrated the appreciable inventive achievements of indigenous ladies of North America and establishes their rightful place within the artwork world. The exhibition impressed us to take a recent take a look at paintings by Native ladies artists in our everlasting assortment. Here are three of their tales and artworks:
Helen Cordero (1915–1994) was a famend Cochiti Pueblo potter from northern New Mexico identified for her storyteller figures. Cordero invented the ceramic storyteller figurine, and subsequently launched a brand new custom in Native American artwork and altered the course of Pueblo pottery. In the 1950s, she and her cousin, an achieved potter, started making ceramics.
Chimodzi mwazifaniziro zodziwika bwino za Pueblo ceramic chomwe chimakhala chokhala pansi chimakhala chokhala ndi mwana wamng'ono, yemwe amadziwika kuti Singing Mother kapena Madonna. Cordero atalingalira zopanga imodzi, adajambula agogo ake aamuna, a Santiago Quintana, wolemba nkhani wodziwika, atazunguliridwa ndi zidzukulu zake. Anatenga mpangidwe wokhala pansiwo komabe anaupanga kukhala wamwamuna ndipo anaika ana osiyanasiyana osamvetseka kwa iye. Amadziwika kuti Wosimba Nkhani. Pafupifupi pomwepo, wofotokozera nkhaniyo adazindikira kuti Cordero amuganizira anthu onse - adalandira mphotho ku New Mexico State Fair komanso pazionetsero zaluso zaku India. Pambuyo pake zinthu za Cordero zawonetsedwa m'malo osungiramo zinthu zakale ku US ndi Canada. Kukonzanso kwake kwa chikhalidwe chophiphiritsira cha Cochiti kunayambitsa kusintha mpaka lero ku Pueblo ceramics.
The distinctive options of Cordero’s storytellers are an open-mouthed determine normally surrounded by kids, animals, or each. The storyteller could be feminine or male, a clown, or any kind of animal. There is all the time not less than one listener, however there could be an abundance of them encircling the storytelling determine or climbing on its again and shoulder. The open mouth is both painted or sculpted on the storyteller, and generally on the listeners as properly. The figures usually maintain important gadgets comparable to pottery, drums, and rugs. The Luce Center has Cordero’s Wolemba nkhani wokhala ndi ziwerengero makumi awiri powonekera. Kuyang'ana pakhomo lolowera ndikusinthira zithunzi za ceramic, kodi mumatha kudalira ana onse makumi awiri? Atapambana wolemba nkhani yake yoyamba mu 1964, Cordero pamapeto pake adapeza luso lake kuti apange mitundu yofanizira limodzi ndi Hopi Maiden, Water Carrier, Pueblo Father, ndi Turtle. Oumba ena apitilizabe kupanga zosiyana za Wolemba Nkhaniyo.
Cordero adakhala moyo wake wonse ku Cochiti Pueblo ndipo adatenga nawo gawo pa moyo ndi miyambo ya Pueblo. Anapitilizabe kukumba dothi loyera kuchokera m'maenje akomweko, ndikuphatikizira nsalu zake zofiirira komanso zakuda, ndikugwira ntchito panja nyengo yotentha komanso pagulu lake kukhitchini nthawi yachisanu. Mwamuna wake ndi mwana wake amayendetsa pafupifupi ma 100 mamailosi kuti apereke nyumba yamatabwa a mkungudza kuti ayikemo moto. Cordero adalemekezedwa ngati Santa Fe Living Treasure mu 1985 ndipo adalandira 1986 National Heritage Fellowship kuchokera ku National Endowment for the Arts.
Faye Tso (1933–2004) was a grasp Diné (Navajo) potter and one of many first Navajo artists to make use of unconventional imagery in ceramics. Navajo pottery usually has little ornament, however Tso utilized photographs of corn maidens, warriors, and dancers onto her clay surfaces. She was a working towards herbalist as properly, and her husband and son are conventional healers who use her pots of their ceremonies, explaining that “fire, cloud, and earth are all part of the Navajo way.”
Tso adabadwira ku Coal Mine Mesa, Arizona, komabe adasamukira kumwera ku Tuba City, Arizona mu 1974. Nthawi zonse amabwerera ku Coal Mine Mesa kukakumba kuchokera kudzenje lanyumba yake ndikutolera piyoni ya utomoni womwe umavala ndikutseka mbiya zake. Miphika itatu ya Tso ikuwoneka mkati mwa Luce Center: Poto ndi Ovina okhala ndi Zovala kumutu ndi ma Rattles (pafupifupi 1985), Mphika wokhala ndi Zodzikongoletsera (ca 1992), ndi Miphika ya nyemba ndi Zithunzi za Maimuna a Chimanga (1987). Miphika iliyonse imapangidwa ndi dothi lotentha ndipo imasindikizidwa ndi pini. Wojambulayo amakongoletsa zinthu zake zambiri ndi milungu (Ye'i), atsikana achimanga, ndi miyambo yamalingaliro ake aku Navajo. Amayesa zidutswa zosiyaniranatu ndi dothi ndipo nthawi zambiri amapereka ndowe za ng'ombe, mbuzi, ndi nkhosa ku dothi panthawi yomwe amawotchera, yomwe imalepheretsa mpweya kuti usabwere mumoto ndikusintha mtundu wa dongo kuchokera ku lalanje lalanje wakuda kwambiri kapena wakuda.
Zonse za Tso Mutu wa Emmett ndi ntchito yoimira yosonyeza mutu ndi mapewa a munthu. Tsitsi lake limasonkhanitsidwa mu kavalidwe ka Navajo (tsiiyéél) kamene amuna ndi akazi amavala. Amavalanso mkanda, mwina mkanda wamaluwa wa squash, pamwamba pa malaya ake akuda. Tso adatchula dzina loti "Emmett" lomwe ndi mutu wa amuna awo ndipo atha kukhala mutu wankhaniyi.
Myra Tso Kaye (born 1961) is a Diné (Navajo) artist and the daughter of Faye Tso. She studied artwork on the University of Northern Arizona in Flagstaff however felt her education solely taught her the ‘scientific’ facet of her paintings. Kaye believes that the religious facet got here from her house and household—her grandfather, father, and brother are all conventional healers, and her mom was a potter and herbalist. Two pots by Kaye are on view within the Luce Center: Nyemba ya nyemba yokhala ndi Khutu la Chimanga Ikani (1988) ndi Ram Pot (1992). Kaye Ram Pot ili mkati mwamtsuko wamadzi wokhala ndi makosi awiri, komabe sipuli imodzi yasinthidwa ndi mutu wamphongo (onani nyanga zazikuluzikulu, zokhota). Thupi la mphikawo lapanganso zithunzi za nkhosa zamphongo zamphongo (nkhosa zamphongo zazikulu), monga zojambula zakale zomwe zidapezeka kumwera chakumadzulo kwa America.
Other artists in SAAM’s assortment who’ve work featured in Mitima ya Anthu Athu embrace Edmonia Lewis, Maria Martinez, Christine McHorse, and Marie Watt. You can discover chosen artworks from the exhibition and artist interviews on-line.